Indonesians went to the polls April 9, 2014, to vote in one of the largest elections in the world: 560 seats of the House of Representatives (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat, DPR), 128 seats for the People’s Representatives Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah, DPD), 2112 seats in provincial elections, and 16,895 district elections. Only 12 parties – of which one is new, Nasdem – were sanctioned by the General Election Commission (KPU) to contest the national elections, with an additional three eligible to contest provincial elections in Aceh. The one new party, NasDem (National Democrat Party) was founded by media mogul Surya Paloh, a former Golkar Party member.
There is intense interest in the results of the legislative elections, given the election law that only parties who receive 25 percent of the national vote or 20 percent of the parliamentary seats will be able to field a presidential candidate for the July elections. The Constitutional Court ruled in January 2014 that the next elections in 2019 must be concurrent for both legislature and presidency but deferred to the new legislative body to specify what thresholds, if any, should apply.
Preliminary quick-count results for the legislative elections reveal that no parties achieved the level of popular support needed to run independently for the presidential election in July. Official results are expected to be announced May 9, 2014.
The results show the PDI-P, Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle, leading in the polls with 19 percent of the popular vote. The PDI-P has not led in the polls since 1999, but the showing is less than the 27 percent popular vote that many had expected from the widely popular Jakarta Governor Joko Widodo and the “Jokowi” factor. This means that the PDI-P will have to form a coalition with partners to run for presidential elections in July.
The results also report better-than-expected performance across the Islamic parties, contradicting expectations of significant setbacks to religion-based parties. Indeed, even the PKS (Prosperous Justice Party), which had been caught in a sex-and-corruption scandal, lost only about 1 percent of popular support from the previous election.
|Party, leader or presidential nominee||2014 election quick count results||2009 legislative election results|
|PDI-P (Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle, chair former President Megawai Sukarnoputri, presidential nominee Jakarta Governor Joko “Jokowi” Widodo)||19||14.03|
|Golkar (leading party of the Suharto era, chair Aburizal Bakrie)||14.9||14.45|
|Gerindra (Party Movement Indonesia Raya, chair Prof. Dr. Ir. Suhardi, founder Prabowo Subianto in 2009)||12||4.46|
|Democratic Party (PD, chair President Dr. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono)||10||20.85|
|PKB (National Awakening Party, chair HA Muhaimin Iskandar) *||9||4.94|
|PAN (National Mandate Party, chair M. Hatta Rajasa) *||7.7||6.01|
|PKS (Prosperous Justice Party, chair Muhammad Anis Matta) *||7||7.88|
|Nasdem Party (National Democrat Party, chair media mogul Surya Paloh, former Golkar Party member. Only party to meet qualifications of General Elections Commission to join elections)||6.6|
|PPP (United Development Party, chair Dr. H. Suryadharma Ali) *||6.3||5.32|
|Hanura (People’s Conscience party formed in 2006 by chair former presidential candidate H. Wiranto, running mate Hary Tanoesoedibjo, media mogul)||3.2||3.77|
|PBB (Crescent Star Party, chair Dr. H. MS. Kaban) *||1.4|
|PKPI (Indonesian Justice and Unity party, Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan Indonesia, splinter party from Golkar)||1|
|* Denotes Islamic party|
Governing coalition, 2009-2014, 426/560 total seats in the House of Representatives
Democratic Party: 148 seats
PKB (National Awakening Party): 28
PPP (United Development Party: 38
PAN (National Mandate Party): 46
PKS (Prosperous Justice Party): 57
Golkar Party: 109
PDI-P (Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle): 94 seats